Economic Development

Why Allegany County

Our mission is to offer attractive incentives to manufacturing and other businesses to remain and expand, or relocate, to Allegany County New York understanding that a strong plan for sustainable economic development begins with a clear vision for economic growth.

The countywide vision for economic development may be summarized through a listing of overarching goals for economic development, a description of where such economic growth is desired to occur, and an identification of what type of economic development is envisioned.

The goals of the Allegany County Office of Development for Economic Development are to: manage growth and development; conserve rural and scenic areas; and protect agricultural resources.

At a Glance

Allegany County is located in the Southern Tier of New York State along the Pennsylvania border. We are the 10th least populated county in the state with a 2010 U.S. Census population of 48,946 and the 23rd largest in terms of land size with 1,034 square miles.

Along with a natural beauty highlighted by the Genesee River Valley and the enjoyment of four distinctive seasons, Allegany County is home to 29 towns and 10 villages, four colleges and universities, 22 public school districts and private schools, and major employers like Dresser-Rand, Alstom and Otis-Eastern.

Allegany County shares borders with Livingston County to the northeast, Steuben County to the east, Cattaraugus County to the west and Wyoming County to the northwest; and Potter County, PA to the southeast and McKean County, PA to the southwest.



Allegany County is committed to having the best rural health care system in New York State. Our two hospitals and many healthcare professionals provide a range of medical and dental services aimed at the sustained health and well being of county residents.

Jones Memorial Hospital in Wellsville is affiliated with the University of Rochester Medical Center (URMC) and operates as a full-service, acute care hospital.

Cuba Memorial Hospital provides an urgent care center, and long-term skilled nursing facility as well as an affiliation with Catholic Health in Buffalo.


Allegany County is easily accessible by road, air, and rail.

Major highways serving Allegany County are the east-west Interstate 86/New York State Route 17 (Southern Tier Expressway), New York State Route 19, New York State Route 21, New York State Route 305 and New York State Route 417.

The Wellsville Municipal Airport, with a 5,000+-foot runway, accommodates corporate jets for easy accessibility to Allegany County. Commercial service is provided through Rochester, Buffalo and Elmira-Corning airports.

Freight rail service is provided on a mainline east-west route operated by Western New York and Pennsylvania Railroad. This line runs westward from Hornell through Alfred, Wellsville, Belmont and Cuba through to Olean in Cattaraugus County.

A line in the northeast section of Allegany County, operated by Norfolk-Southern Railroad, runs from Hornell through Canaseraga and Swain Resort through to Nunda in Livingston County.

Bus routes also connect townships throughout the region. Up to date schedules can be found by clicking the link for Access Allegany.

Commuting to Work in Allegany County

  • Less than 10 minutes: 29.8%
  • 10 to 14 minutes: 13.0%
  • 15 to 19 minutes: 12.2%
  • 20 to 24 minutes: 12.7%
  • 25 to 29 minutes: 5.8%
  • 30 to 34 minutes: 9.9%
  • 35 to 44 minutes: 6.2%
  • 45 to 59 minutes: 4.7%
  • 60 or more minutes: 5.9%
  • Mean travel time to work: 21.2 minutes

Source: 2010-2012 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates – US Census